Iranian authorities and designers of the NIN have cited improved security as one of the most important benefits of this network, and that is prominently used to justify its development to Iranian users. According to their statements, the NIN will protect government organizations and agencies, as well as users, against cyberattacks and guarantee their security.
In September 2016, Esmaeil Radkani, the deputy director for ICT at the Communications Infrastructure Company said that the security of the NIN is “guaranteed” through the use of “DDos Protection” and “Anti-Phishing Protection” tools.
The ability of the NIN to protect users from DDoS or phishing attacks is, as of yet, undetermined. Yet the real issue for the NIN is the inherent lack of security for users against state security and intelligence agencies. These agencies have complete access to government resources for monitoring and identifying NIN users and
their activities, and they do not need any legal authorization from state or judicial authorities to access users’ accounts.